About BDS


The Bachelor of Dental Surgery or BDS, is commonly known as the science and art of addressing problems related to the teeth and jaws of human beings, though animal oral health is also a part of the large range of options in dentistry. As a student of BDS, you will receive training and education related to prevention, diagnosis and treatment of all diseases, malformations and injuries related to the mouth and its components.

Pursuing the BDS course exposes you to all aspects of dentistry, leaving no stone unturned. From creating the perfect filling, to using a range of instruments, to encountering all kinds of dental problems that you had earlier only seen in your textbooks. Remember, as a dentist, your expertise may be required in the emergency ward for a patient of head injury as well.

A person with a BDS degree can practise dentistry. After completion of the degree, many opt to join a government hospital to get hands-on experience. The inflow of patients is very high in comparison to that at private hospitals and clinics. As part of the BDS course, you will receive in depth knowledge on topics such as health and disease behavioural consequences of oral diseases preventive dentistry clinical examination and diagnostic procedures X-rays and genetic engineering.


Most medical colleges that offer the BDS course require candidates to have passed 10+2 from a recognised board with science as the main subject, this is a constant. Other criteria for eligibility may vary from college to college as do fee structures.



Commonly known as gum disease, dealing with infection of the gums, bone and other tissues around the teeth


Children's dentistry, concerned with morphology of dentitions, teething disorders, developmental anomalies, pulp therapy and restorative dentistry


Restoration and replacement of teeth, need knowledge of impression making, preparation of casts, trays and denture bases, processing and finishing of dentures


Simply stated, it comprises of treating overlapped protrusion caused by habits like thumb sucking and nail bitting

Oral surgery

Deals with forceps extraction and its complications, diagnosis and treatment of inflammable diseases of bones, jaws, face and related structures

Career scope

Many students opt for a BDS degree out of choice, not because they didn't get into general medicine. Urban cities have seen a steady growth in the number of qualified professionals, but millions of people in semi-urban and rural areas still don't have the opportunity to visit a dentist.

After successful completion of the course, dentists find a job in a government/private hospitals and usually also open their own private dental practice in the near future, if not immediately. The basic equipment required to open your own practice is expensive. So most dentists take time to do so unless they have the opportunity to share space with other dentists. However, it is safe to say that at some point in one's career as a practicing dentist, you will have your private practice set up.

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